A key contributor to intrapreneurship success is having the right skill sets and competencies to drive things to completion. As the entrepreneurial leader, you will need three types of people on your team to be successful: creators, doers, and implementers.
Our research showed that there are subtle differences between intrapreneurs that distinguish one from another. This wasn’t the main focus of our research but it surfaced after looking at the results. We saw that intrapreneurs exhibited different clusters or groupings of behavior, they performed different roles and leveraged certain competencies to accomplish their work.
The creator is the person with the innovative ideas. The doers are task-oriented individuals. The implementers are the individuals who bring things to closure. No matter what you call them – there are three types of intrapreneurs you will need on the team. Each requires a slightly different set of competencies and behaviors. This may seem like a simple way to view your team, but all three of these roles are important when it comes to intrapreneurship. It is rare to find all three of these types of intrapreneurs in one person, although we have. They are among the most effective and successful intrapreneurs.
Creators may be easier to spot. They are the idea generation people (the discovery phase.) They see possibilities. They are high on learning and love change. They are always looking for ways to do things better. They are big-picture thinkers and often are able to see the gestalt. They are independent and prefer to work in less structured environments. On the downside they can get bored easily and find it difficult to stay focused on the details because they are always thinking of the next idea. Creators develop the ideas that fuel innovation.
Doers are focused on achieving objectives. They are the task-oriented individuals (the incubation phase.) They understand the big picture and can get involved in the details when they need to. They are assertive and take responsibility for their actions. They have good communication skills and are effective in instructing others. They are not afraid to stand up to authority or challenge the status quo. They are less concerned about structure and organizational obstacles that get in the way. They know what needs to get done. They just go it. Doers are task-oriented and dedicated to their work.
Implementers are the individuals who make things happen. They are focused on closer (the execution phase.) They know how to get things done or figure out how to get them done. They are goal-oriented, creative, and competitive. They have good planning and negotiating skills. They work well in high-pressure situations. They are good at taking the initiative, negotiating, and motivating others. They have the execution skills required to drive projects to completion. They don’t let anything get in their way. Implementers are high on closure.
Use these descriptions as an initial filter when you are developing your team. Take a moment to mentally separate your team into these three categories. Once you’ve done this, you may want to use a behavioral assessment tool to get a better understanding of individual styles and work practices. They help you identify the specific behaviors that separate the creators from the doers and implementers. They can also help you identify those one or two individuals that can do it all.
Ask yourself: What are the strengths and weaknesses of each individual on the team? What about the team as a whole? How do you leverage each individual more effectively? Who are the most creative people on my team? Who are the individuals you can rely on to get the work done in a timely fashion? Who do you need to help bring things to closure? Asking these questions is a good way to ensure that you have the right mix of people on the team.
Intrapreneurship requires having the ability and skills to establish and achieve challenging goals. It means having the right set of behaviors and competencies. You must be able to identify and develop the right mix of people and then organize work to best leverage their talent. Not everyone is suited for this role.
Intrapreneurship is a mindset, a set of competencies, a way of thinking and acting. It is how one looks at things and what actions they take a result of that thinking. That is what is key.
Do you have the right mix of skills on your team?
Who are the creators, doers, and executors on your team?